How Elements Are Balanced In The Space By Interior Designers?

Two important concepts- scale and proportion are used for balancing the elements in the space. Scale and proportion are the two most common words that are used interchangeably in the interior design world. However, these two concepts are studied for years by interior designers to learn the differences between the two and use them to balance out interior space. Both scale and proportion interior design refer to the objects’ size. Scale is used to understand an object’s size and proportion is used to understand the specific design elements like size, shape, color, or texture of an object. This article provides an overview of how elements are balanced by interior designers using space and proportion.

  • Use the golden ratio

When it comes to interior design, the golden ratio is considered the most pleasing ratio for objects and their aesthetics. This ratio is used by interior designers when choosing the layout of a room. The space is divided by them into two parts where furniture takes up the larger part of the room to establish its function, and the remaining part is taken up by alternate uses. The golden ratio makes it easier for the designers to select the color palette for the room.

  • Scaling patterns according to room size

Interior designers make sure to use the patterns wisely. For instance, when they are assigned the work of designing a smaller space they usually stick to smaller prints and for the larger room, they use larger prints. Using larger prints in a smaller space can negatively highlight the proportion of the room concerning its design.

  • Create contrast

Creating contrast is one of the most effective tips for using scale and proportion interior design. Expert designers very well know how a space can be made visually pleasing and exciting by playing around with colors and tones. They create contrast in the form of colors, shapes, or even the height and proportion of the objects. This further makes certain furniture items stand out more in relation to others in the home.

  • Use white space efficiently

According to professional and experienced interior designers, a room needs to have as much negative space as it needs to have a positive one. negative space or white space makes it easier for the room to breathe without making it look cluttered. Moreover, white space helps to emphasize the objects placed in the room. When trying to scale items or create proportions within the interior, designers try to use white space to their advantage.

  • Use a focal point

A piece of furniture, object, or artwork is used by designers in the room as its focal point. A focal point helps in setting the foundational tone for the room and everything else just then follows.


Both scale and proportion interior design are considered the most essential elements. As a general rule, both these concepts are used by interior designers to make a home feel more comfortable and welcoming. No matter what the size of the room is, these design tips help in placing furniture appropriately to make the space look adequately proportioned.